At Cesar Chavez Day March, Labor’s New Stance On Immigration
Tuesday, April 2, 2013
Aired 4/2/13 on KPBS News.
Hundreds of union supporters marked Cesar Chavez Day by marching in downtown San Diego on Monday. Labor's evolving stance on immigration was on display.
SAN DIEGO Union organizer Genoveva Aguilar helped kick off a march commemorating Cesar Chavez Day in San Diego on Monday.
“Our union has lost many of its good-spirited members because of immigration audits and E-Verify," Aguilar belted into the microphone. "Are we going to permit this?"
"No!” the crowd yelled back.
Dozens of marchers held signs and wore T-shirts calling for immigration reform, including a path to citizenship for undocumented workers.
But the labor movement has a mixed history on immigration. As head of the United Farmworkers Union in the 1960s and 70s, Chavez fought to keep out illegal immigrants willing to work for lower wages and replace striking workers.
And labor has generally opposed guest worker programs.
But the country’s major unions and business groups recently agreed on the framework for a new guest worker program.
The program would give visas to a limited number of low-skilled, temporary workers each year based on market needs. Pay for these workers would have to be comparable to that of their American peers.
At Monday’s march, San Diego labor leader Lorena Gonzalez said the deal was historic. And, she said, she thought if Chavez were alive, he’d be on board.
“When we’re looking at a future work flow, I think he’d be proud of what we’ve been able to do to establish the basic minimum of what workers will make as they come over," Gonzalez said, "so we’re not just bringing more and more and more immigrants to undercut American wages.”
The bipartisan group of senators crafting an immigration reform bill is expected to present it in the coming weeks.