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As Scotland Rejects Independence, Cameron Promises More Autonomy

British Prime Minister David Cameron said the Scottish vote to remain in the United Kingdom has put the question of independence to rest "for a generation," but he pledged constitutional reforms to give Edinburgh greater control over its own affairs.

"There can be no disputes, no reruns – we have heard the settled will of the Scottish people," Cameron said in a statement outside No 10 Downing Street shortly after the results of the vote.

In the final count in the referendum, which saw more than 85 percent of eligible voters turn out, ended with 2,001,926 "no" votes (55.3 percent) to 1,617,989 for "yes" (44.7 percent).


"We have chosen unity over division," Alistair Darling, head of the anti-independence campaign, said in Glasgow shortly after the results became known. "Today is a momentous day for Scotland and the United Kingdom as a whole."

Meanwhile, Alex Salmond, the impassioned leader of the "Yes" vote struck an upbeat tone amid defeat. To cheering supporters, he pronounced: "This has been a triumph for the democratic process and for participation in politics."

NPR's Ari Shapiro, reporting from Edinburgh, tells Morning Edition that "there was a potency to the moment" when Scots went to the polls to choose their future: "People walked around Edinburgh proudly wearing kilts, waving the saltire — the blue and white Scottish flag – and, cliché though it may be, they actually did play bagpipes in the streets."

The vote against independence preserves an often uneasy union that has nonetheless endured for 307 years. Even so, it is being viewed as a wake-up and Cameron signaled a shift in the political balance between London to Edinburgh.

"Scotland voted for a stronger Scottish Parliament backed by the strength and security of the United Kingdom and I want to congratulate the No campaign for that – for showing people that our nations really are better together," he said.


Cameron says he's committed to giving Scotland new power over taxes, spending and welfare. He said he wants draft legislation by January, and that it should encompass other parts of the U.K. as well, not just Scotland, but Wales and Northern Ireland as well.

"We now have a chance — a great opportunity — to change the way the British people are governed, and change it for the better," the prime minister said.

In the final run-up to the vote, which looked likely to be a tight contest, Cameron said a split would leave him personally "heartbroken" and warned that independence for Scotland would precipitate a "painful divorce" with London. Acknowledging the unpopularity of his conservative government among more liberal-minded Scots, Cameron said bluntly: "If you don't like me — I won't be here forever. But if you leave the U.K., that will be forever."

The vote means that the U.K. will not lose the oil revenues that Scotland generates and will not need to find a new location to base its nuclear arsenal. The vote has also encouraged markets, which were concerned about financial instability that would have come with a split.

"This has been a long, hard fight and both sides have campaigned fiercely," Norma Austin Hart, a Labour Party member of Edinburgh City Council, was quoted by The Associated Press as saying.

"It's been so intense," she said. "But the people of Scotland have decided."

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