San Diego food insecurity grows; people of color more likely to face hunger
Despite ongoing recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, food insecurity in San Diego County remains more prevalent than it was pre- pandemic with more than a quarter of county residents facing nutritional insecurity, a report released Wednesday by the San Diego Hunger Coalition revealed.
The report analyzes data from March of this year on economic conditions — primarily income — to assess the needs of the people of San Diego County. It found that the county's hunger relief sector is meeting about 75% of the need, and an additional 11.9 million meals per month would be needed to achieve a nutrition-secure San Diego, where everyone has access to enough healthy food.
"These data reinforce what we already know — a broken system prevents certain San Diego communities from accessing enough food to thrive," said Anahid Brakke, president and CEO of the San Diego Hunger Coalition.
The coalition's report found three trends impacting nutrition in San Diego County:
• Nutrition insecurity remains highest among communities of color. Hispanic/Latino and Black communities are the most disproportionately impacted by nutrition insecurity with 39% of the total Hispanic/Latino and 37% of the total Black populations experiencing nutrition insecurity, compared to the white population at 18%.
"This is a data-backed reminder that nutrition is a critical and foundational racial equity issue for our county to address," Brakke said.
• The region is still not at pre-pandemic levels of nutrition security. According to the data, nutrition insecurity has decreased from 2021, changing from a 30% rate of insecurity down to 28%. But the region is still not at 2019's decade-low of 25%. Rising housing costs and low-wage jobs contribute to higher rates of nutrition insecurity, the report's authors said.
• Inflation impacts the hunger-relief sector. Food banks, pantries and other nonprofit organizations that distribute free food are struggling to keep up with the need as their own operational costs increase.
"The impact of inflation on hunger relief agencies will soon be compounded by the end of the federal public health emergency, likely in January 2023," Brakke said. "Federal pandemic aid in the form of additional CalFresh benefits for each recipient will end 60 days after the public health emergency is lifted. These additional CalFresh monthly benefits comprised 22% of all food assistance provided in March 2022 — almost twice the amount of food distributed that month by both food banks and their 500+ partners combined," she said.
"San Diego County grocery stores are also looking at a potential $35M drop in monthly revenue with the loss of these benefit allocations."
Additionally, the report found that more than one in four San Diegans are nutrition-insecure, including one in three children and youth, and it also provides ZIP-code level breakdowns of the data.
The authors define the nutrition-insecure population as people with incomes less than 200% of the federal poverty line. Using this methodology, any couple with income below $37,000 per year or a household of four with income below $56,000 would be considered nutrition-insecure and are likely eligible for public benefits.
The coalition also noted that many families above the 200% of the Federal Poverty Line are facing issues with nutrition security.
"The numbers in our report may be daunting but we know this is actually a conservative estimate of total need," Brakke said.
President Joe Biden announced plans Wednesday to commit more than $8 billion in private- and public-sector funding for organizations and projects as part of his administration's plans to end hunger by 2030.
"These range from bold philanthropic contributions and in-kind donations to community-based organizations to catalytic investments in new businesses and new ways of screening for and integrating nutrition into health care delivery," a statement from the White House read. "At least $2.5 billion will be invested in start-up companies that are pioneering solutions to hunger and food insecurity. Over $4 billion will be dedicated toward philanthropy that improves access to nutritious food, promotes healthy choices, and increases physical activity."