Originally published January 23, 2012 at 9:37 a.m., updated January 24, 2012 at 4:30 p.m.
Jane Siegel, Adjunct Professor at the Thomas Jefferson School of Law
Alison St. John, KPBS Senior Metro Reporter
Tim McGirk, Time reporter who broke Hadita story, Damage or Civilian Massacre in Haditha?
"Words cannot express my sorrow for the loss of your loved ones,'' Staff Sgt. Frank Wuterich said at his sentencing at Camp Pendleton today, addressing family members of the Iraqis killed in the town of Haditha.
"I know there is nothing I can say to ease your pain,'' he continued. I wish to assure you that on that day, it was never my intention to harm you or your families. I know that you are the real victims of Nov. 19, 2005.''
Wuterich, 31, was sentenced to a reduction in rank a day after pleading guilty to negligent dereliction of duty for his role in the Haditha deaths. He agreed to the plea in the middle of a court-martial at Camp Pendleton.
A military judge, Lt. Col. David Jones, ordered Wuterich to serve 90 days in jail, but that was set aside under the terms of the plea agreement.
Military prosecutor Lt. Col. Sean Sullivan asked for the maximum punishment for Wuterich -- 90 days in custody plus a reduction in rank and forfeiture of pay.
The sentencing ended the longest-running criminal case against U.S. troops stemming from the Iraq War. The civilian deaths in Haditha occurred after a roadside bomb killed a member of Wuterich's squad.
Staff Sgt. Frank Wuterich, of Meriden, Conn., led the Marine squad in 2005 that killed 24 Iraqis after a roadside bomb exploded near a Marine convoy, killing one Marine and wounding two others.
Wuterich's plea Monday interrupted his trial at Camp Pendleton before a jury of all combat Marines who served in Iraq.
The plea agreement called for manslaughter charges to be dropped.
"No one denies that the events .... were tragic, most of all Frank Wuterich," defense attorney Neal Puckett told the North County Times on Monday. "But the fact of the matter is that he has now been totally exonerated of the homicide charges brought against him by the government and the media. For the last six years, he has had his name dragged through the mud. Today, we hope, is the beginning of his redemption."
The issue at the court martial was whether Wuterich reacted appropriately as a Marine squad leader in protecting his troops in the midst of a chaotic war or disregarded combat rules and ordered his men to shoot and blast indiscriminately at Iraqi civilians. Wuterich was charged with nine counts of manslaughter, among other charges, and is one of eight Marines initially charged. None has been convicted.
Prosecutors said he lost control after seeing the body of his friend blown apart by the bomb and led his men on a rampage in which they stormed two nearby homes, blasting their way in with gunfire and grenades. Among the dead were women, children and elderly, including a man in a wheelchair.
Wuterich's former squad members testified that they did not take any gunfire during the 45-minute raid on the homes nor find any weapons, but several squad members testified that they do not believe they did anything wrong, fearing insurgents were inside hiding.
The prosecution was further hurt by the testimony of Wuterich's former platoon commander who said the squad was justified in its actions because house was declared "hostile," and from what he understood of the rules of combat at the time that meant any use of force could be used and Marines did not need to positively identify their targets.
Wuterich has said he regretted the loss of civilian lives but believed he was operating within military combat rules.
After Haditha, Marines commanders ordered troops to try and distinguish between civilians and combatants.
The killings in Haditha on Nov. 19, 2005, still fuel anger in Iraq and was the primary reason behind demands that U.S. troops not be given immunity from their court system. It is considered among the war's defining moments, further tainting America's reputation when it was already at a low point after the release of photos of prisoner abuse by U.S. soldiers at Abu Ghraib prison.
The trial was delayed for years by pre-trial wrangling between the defense and prosecution, including over whether the military could use unaired outtakes from an interview Wuterich gave in 2007 to CBS "60 Minutes." Prosecutors eventually won the right to view the footage
Six squad members have had charges dropped or dismissed, including some in exchange for testifying at the trial. One was acquitted.