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FRONTLINE: Afghanistan Undercover

Ramita Navai outside of a prison in Herat, Afghanistan.
Ramita Navai outside of a prison in Herat, Afghanistan.

Thursday, March 2, 2023 at 10 p.m. on KPBS 2 / Watch now with the PBS App

When the Taliban seized control of Afghanistan amid the U.S. withdrawal in August 2021, the hardline group told the world that its government would respect women’s rights. "Afghanistan Undercover," a FRONTLINE documentary filmed on the ground in Afghanistan over the past year, uncovers a different — and harrowing — story.

“We found evidence of women jailed by the Taliban without trial and held in secret,” says award-winning journalist and correspondent Ramita Navai ("Syria Undercover," "Iraq Uncovered"). “Of girls abducted from their homes and forcibly married. Of women living in hiding, and in fear for their lives, with those who speak out risking imprisonment.”

FRONTLINE "Afghanistan Undercover"

InAfghanistan Undercover,” Navai powerfully exposes harsh realities for women under the Taliban’s rule — finding those being punished by the regime, and confronting Taliban officials. She secretly films in a jail where she discovers women being held by the Taliban without trial or charge, their fate often unknown to their families: “Just say to the whole world, they don't let us talk,” one young woman tells Navai before a guard intervenes.

Related: Flashback: What a Taliban Co-Founder Told FRONTLINE in 2020 About How the Group Would Wield Power in Afghanistan if the U.S Left

Navai meets with a group of female lawyers, banned from working by the Taliban. She accompanies an underground network of female activists on dangerous missions to rescue women trying to escape the Taliban and bring them to secret safehouses. She uncovers evidence of Taliban soldiers forcibly marrying young girls, despite the regime announcing the practice was forbidden. And she speaks with women in abusive marriages who have attempted to end their own lives since the Taliban took over.

“It's due to increased mental pressure on women at home,” a doctor who treats these patients tells Navai. “They can't speak up to defend themselves. There's no law to protect them.”

Afghan Women Held for ‘Immoral Behavior’ at a Taliban Prison Speak Out | FRONTLINE

Often filmed undercover, Navai’s footage shows the regime’s control of women’s lives tightening, with a number of the defiant voices in the documentary ultimately being forced into hiding, arrested or fleeing abroad: “We are living in so much fear,” says a former major in the Afghan army who is on the run from the Taliban.


In conversation with Navai, a Taliban representative calls claims of the regime’s mistreatment of women “baseless,” and says, “Other countries should not impose on us what is good for them. We have our own culture, interests and values. The international community must allow us to build our own government.”

Despite the dangers they face for speaking out, some women in the country refuse to stop advocating for their rights.

“This is the road I have chosen,” one young woman protester tells Navai. “I have three younger sisters. If I don't raise my voice for them, they too will be broken.”

Related: 18 Essential Documentaries on Afghanistan and the Taliban
Related: What’s the Status of Healthcare for Women in Afghanistan Under the Taliban?
Related: 17 Essential Documentaries on the War in Afghanistan — and Its Consequences

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The documentary is available to stream at, on the PBS App and FRONTLINE’s YouTube channel.

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A Quicksilver Media production for GBH/FRONTLINE in association with ITV. The producer and director is Karim Shah. The correspondent is Ramita Navai. The executive producers for Quicksilver Media are Eamonn Matthews and Ramita Navai. The executive producer for FRONTLINE is Raney Aronson-Rath.