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The story of an American mother who takes her son to the ISIS-controlled city of Raqqa.
Courtesy of FRONTLINE (PBS) / Rick and Lisa Sally
The story of an American mother who takes her son to the ISIS-controlled city of Raqqa.

Stream or tune in Tuesday, Dec. 15, 2020 at 10 p.m. on KPBS TV + Thursday, Dec. 17 at 10 p.m. on KPBS 2

New Documentary Traces an American Woman’s Path from Indiana to ISIS — 
and Her Federal Conviction for Aiding the Terror Group

In November, Sam Sally, also known as Sam Elhassani, was sentenced to six-and-a-half years in prison for aiding ISIS — making her the first American woman brought back from Syria or Iraq and convicted on ISIS-related terrorism charges.

How did this American mother end up living in the heart of ISIS’s self-declared caliphate in Syria, with her husband an ISIS sniper, and her 10-year-old son forced to threaten President Donald Trump in a propaganda video shown around the world?


FRONTLINE tells the inside story in "Return From ISIS," a documentary in association with the BBC that has been nearly four years in the making.

“I’ve covered many stories about ISIS and Westerners who’d joined the group,” says director, writer and producer Josh Baker ("Battle for Iraq," "I’m Not A Monster"). “But I’ve never encountered anything quite like this.”

This film is part of a multiplatform investigation that also includes a special, 10-episode podcast series with BBC Panorama and BBC Sounds called "I'm Not a Monster." The first several episodes are available on Apple Podcasts, Stitcher, Spotify, RadioPublic or wherever you get your podcasts.

The film includes the first-ever media interview with Sam’s son: “Say one wrong thing and they could easily just kill you,” Matthew, now 13, says of living under ISIS. 

For years, Sam claimed she was tricked into taking her young children to war-torn Syria. As the documentary shows, her husband, Moussa, a Moroccan national whom she met and married in the U.S., was one of around 40,000 foreigners from approximately 120 countries who joined ISIS. Whether Sam brought herself and her children along with him willingly and knowingly is a question at the center of the film.


“Half the time you can’t tell what the truth is and what not the truth is,” Sam’s father, Rick, says about his daughter in the film. “So, you have to read between the lines.”

In methodical detail, Baker attempts to figure out what really happened. He visits Sam’s sister, Lori, who was emailed a home video in which Sam’s young son, Matthew, is forced to assemble a suicide bomb and coached by his step-father, Moussa, to role-play an attack. 

“How could they do this to a child?” Lori says, crying. “Matthew is the sweetest little boy you will ever meet.”

Baker criss-crosses the globe to unravel a story that grows more shocking at each turn. He tracks down two people whom Sam and Moussa purchased as slaves while in Syria — a young Yazidi boy who, like Matthew, was forced to appear in propaganda videos but says Sam treated him like a son, and a young Yazidi woman who says she was repeatedly raped by Moussa.

“Sam knows he forced me for sex and every time I go to her and tell her what happened, she used to cry and say, ‘I’m against that, but I cannot do anything,’” the young woman tells Baker; she adds that Moussa beat Sam while she was pregnant.

"Return From ISIS" traces how the family eventually escaped from Syria after Moussa’s death, and Baker carries out multiple interviews with Sam herself. She says she was tortured by ISIS as a suspected American spy. For years, she insisted to Baker that she was unaware that Moussa planned to join ISIS, and denied that she knowingly provided support. 

“The last couple of years, things have become normal for us that should not be normal for anybody,” she tells Baker.

But then, after charges from U.S. prosecutors, she agreed to a plea deal in November 2019 and admitted to concealing financial support intended to help her husband and his brother join ISIS. The film uncovers new details about Sam’s actions in the months before she and her family crossed into ISIS territory.

“She has told multiple different stories of how she ended up in Syria and why she ended up in Syria. The fact remains: she did,” John Demers, Assistant Attorney General for National Security, tells FRONTLINE. “There are a lot of parts of this story where we’re not going to know the why to what she’s done. For our prosecutions, at the end of the day, if she’s acting knowingly, she’s acting willingly, that doesn’t matter so much.”

Speaking out for the first time about what happened, Sam’s son, Matthew — now living in the U.S. with his biological father — tells Baker he’s thrilled to be home. He shares a message about what he was forced to live through: “I feel sad that they would do that to a child,” he says.

But “no matter how bad the situation is, you can always get through it,” he says, adding, “it’s all behind me now.”

Tune in or stream:

For the full story, watch "Return From ISIS" starting Tuesday, Dec. 15. The documentary premieres that night at 10/9c on PBS stations and YouTube. It will be available to stream at and on the PBS Video App beginning at 7/6c.

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FRONTLINE is on Facebook, Instagram, tumblr, and you can follow @frontlinepbs on Twitter. #frontlinePBS


A FRONTLINE production with Mongoose Pictures in association with BBC. The writer, director and producer is Joshua Baker. The senior producer is Dan Edge. The executive producer of FRONTLINE is Raney Aronson-Rath.