Pensions No Longer Top Benefit For Blue Collar City Workers
City and state workers across the Southwest have historically put up with mediocre salaries because of the guaranteed pension benefits that came with the job. Those days may be over.
Many cities now face huge deficits in their pension funds after the recession and many years of dipping into those funds for other projects. San Diego is a poster child for the pension crisis; the city faces a $2.1 billion deficit.
Tommy Salazar is a 48-year-old San Diego city park worker who has been doing the same job meticulously, day in and day out, for 19 years. Among his duties: Pick up the trash that park visitors leave behind, make sure the sprinklers work, keep the public restrooms clean and care for the trees and the grass.
He is in charge of Ski Beach, a 38-acre park by Mission Bay, popular with jet skiers. On a recent day, he stepped onto the dock and checks the nails on the edge of the wooden platform.
"I'm just making sure that none of the boards are loose," said Salazar. "I'm making sure that no nails are sticking out, so that nobody will get hurt out here.”
During the busy summer months, Salazar gets help from another worker, but typically he is out working from 6:30 a.m. until 2:30 p.m., all by himself.
“I’m a fast worker, and I have to run sometimes to get a lot of this stuff done," said Salazar. "I don’t mind it, but it does make it a little difficult to get everything done.”
Such physical labor can be hard on the body. Salazar acknowledged that he and many of his colleagues have suffered injuries and back pain from their jobs. One of the things that had always made it all worthwhile for them had been their city pension.
But since 2005, the city has frozen his salary, made cuts to retirement contributions, and increased the deduction to pay for health care benefits. At the same time, the cost of living in San Diego has gone up. Next year, as part of a highly controversial pension reform plan, San Diegans may be asked to vote on whether new city employees will have a guaranteed pension or whether they would need to contribute to a riskier 401(k) plan instead.
Some critics have come out against big pensions for high-earning municipal employees. The debate has also hurt almost 2,000 blue-collar city workers like Salazar, who barely make a living wage.
“You hear them; they’ll say, you guys are getting a great pension," said Salazar. "But truthfully, I don’t think I’ll be able to retire for a long time. I used to think: 'I'll be able to retire when I’m 55 or 60. Now, it’s like, I don’t know.”
Salazar joined the pension system when he was hired almost 20 years ago, and he’s been paying into the system ever since. Somewhere around 10 percent of his pay is deposited into his retirement account; the city contributes a smaller amount.
That leaves him with little money in his pocket, and he is worried that his pension will not be enough to support him when he does retire. The $15,000 a year pension will be worth even less in the future than it is today.
Around two in the afternoon, Salazar is close to finishing his eight-hour shift. After making one last minute check of the bathrooms and hauling some plastic bags onto his pickup truck, he headed to another city facility, five miles away from the park.
As a matter of practice, Salazar said he tries not to think too much about retirement. It’s the least of his worries these days.
“I had a vision before, and I lost my house; I ended up getting divorced," said Salazar. "I don’t know, my vision of my retirement has disappeared.”
Salazar is just one of 10,000 city blue- and white-collar workers in San Diego, and hundreds of thousands nationwide, who are witnessing guaranteed public pensions becoming a thing of the past. As they disappear, public workers are likely to end up like their private counterparts: gambling their retirement funds on the market in a 401(k)-type contribution plan.