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Obama: US Will Send Up To 300 Military To Iraq

Evening Edition

Aired 6/19/14 on KPBS Midday Edition.

Iraq; U.S. Weighs Its Options


Ric Epps, SDSU Political Science Professor
Barry Landendorf, Veterans for Peace



On Thursday's Midday Edition, the Sunnis were referred to as the majority in Iraq. The Shiites hold the majority.

Edging back into a military role in Iraq, President Barack Obama on Thursday said he was dispatching up to 300 military advisers to help quell the rising insurgency in the crumbling nation. He called on Iraqi leaders to govern with a more "inclusive agenda" to ensure the country does not descend into civil war.

Though not specifically mentioning airstrikes, an option the U.S. has been considering, Obama said he was leaving open the possibility of "targeted and precise military action" in the future. He said the U.S. also would increase its intelligence efforts in Iraq and create joint operations centers in Baghdad and northern Iraq.

When coupled with previously announced steps, Obama's actions could put about 600 additional U.S. troops back on the ground in Iraq. The 300 military advisers he announced Thursday would join up to 275 being positioned in and around Iraq to provide security and support for the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad and other American interests.

Mindful of what he called "the deep scars left by America's war in Iraq," Obama was adamant that U.S. troops would not be returning to combat.

"We do not have the ability to simply solve this problem by sending in tens of thousands of troops and committing the kinds of blood and treasure that has already been expended in Iraq," Obama told reporters in the White House briefing room. "Ultimately, this is something that is going to have to be solved by Iraqis."

Sketching a dire situation, Obama called this a moment when "the state of Iraq hangs in the balance."

He stopped short of calling for Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki to resign, saying "it's not our job to choose Iraq's leaders." But he said those leaders "must rise above their differences and come together" for the sake of their nation.

"Only leaders that can govern with an inclusive agenda are going to be able to truly bring the Iraqi people together and help them through this crisis," he said.

Offering a hopeful thought, Obama added that as the prospect of civil war heightens, many Iraqis leaders are "stepping back and saying, 'let's not plunge back into the abyss.'"

Obama spoke after meeting with his national security team to discuss military options and consider how strongly to press al-Maliki to undertake changes and make his government more inclusive. Top U.S. officials believe that giving more credence to Sunni concerns about al-Maliki may offer the best opportunity to stave off another deadly round of sectarian fighting of the kind that engulfed Iraq less than a decade ago.

U.S. officials have been concerned that pushing al-Maliki too hard might stiffen his resolve to stay in office and drive him closer to Iran, which is seeking to keep the Shiite leader in power. However the administration does want to see evidence of a leadership transition plan being put in place in Iraq.

Obama said the U.S, military advisers' role would be to "assess how we can best train, advise and support Iraqi security forces."

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, in a statement, added that they "will assess the situation on the ground, help evaluate gaps in Iraqi security forces and increase their capacity to counter the threat posed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant."

According to U.S. officials, the 300 would largely be Green Berets, deployed in teams embedded with Iraqi security forces.

It will start with a few teams initially. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the deployment publicly.

"American forces will not be returning to combat in Iraq, but we will help Iraqis as they take the fight to terrorists who threaten the Iraqi people in the region and American interests as well," he said.

Asked later whether the U.S. was opening the door broader military involvement, Obama said: "I think we always have to guard against mission creep. So, let me repeat what I've said in the past: American combat troops are not going to be fighting in Iraq again."

Going forward, Obama said, the U.S. will be "developing more information about potential targets" and could take "targeted and precise military action if and when we determine that the situation on the ground requires it." He said he would consult with members of Congress and leaders in Iraq and the region before doing so.

The president offered war-weary Americans a rationale for ongoing U.S. involvement in Iraq, saying the U.S. doesn't want the region to become a haven for extremist jihadists "who could use that as a base of operations for planning and targeting ourselves, our personnel overseas and eventually the homeland."

The U.S. withdrew the last American troops from Iraq in late 2011 after more than eight years of war and the loss of more than 4,400 U.S. lives. The withdrawal came after Washington and Baghdad were unable to reach an agreement to extend the U.S. troop presence.

But faced with a growing Sunni insurgency, Iraq's government has asked the U.S. to launch airstrikes to contain a militant group that seized Mosul, Tikrit and other towns in Iraq as the country's military melted away.

Obama's decision-making on airstrikes has been complicated by intelligence gaps that resulted from the U.S. military withdrawal, which left the country largely off-limits to American operatives. Intelligence agencies are now trying to close gaps and identify possible targets that include insurgent encampments, training camps, weapons caches and other stationary supplies.

Beyond airstrikes, the White House has been considering plans to boost Iraq's intelligence about the militants. Officials have said that additional U.S. forces that could be brought into Iraq to train local security forces could also assist in identifying possible targets for strikes.

Speaking in advance of the president's announcement, House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi voiced concern about Obama dispatching even a small contingent of Americans to Iraq.

"I think that you have to be careful sending special forces because that's a number that has a tendency to grow. And so I'd like to see the context, purpose, timeline and all the rest for anything like that," Pelosi told reporters at her weekly news conference.

Separately, Republican House Speaker John Boehner said he couldn't tell if limited airstrikes would be effective until more was known about overall U.S. strategy.

He said Obama must craft a strategy for combating terrorism in the entire Middle East, not just Iraq. He declared, "This is a very serious problem, very serious."

Boehner, R-Ohio, told reporters that he's long called on Obama to take more action against terrorism, which he said has "increased exponentially" under this administration.

"You look at this presidency, and you can't help but get the sense that the wheels are coming off," Boehner said.

Boehner and Pelosi were among the congressional leaders who met with Obama on Iraq Wednesday.

KPBS' Maureen Cavanaugh and Patty Lane contributed to the Midday and Evening Edition Segments.

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Avatar for user 'JeanMarc'

JeanMarc | June 19, 2014 at 11:46 a.m. ― 2 years, 9 months ago

Ahh yes, I am sure we can resolve all of the issues in the middle east. Just send some troops over there to fix Islam.

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Avatar for user 'CaliforniaDefender'

CaliforniaDefender | June 19, 2014 at 12:30 p.m. ― 2 years, 9 months ago

And do it like a dictator with a private army, don't consult with Congress!

Come on Democrats, your Great Leader wants to send more troops... I mean "advisers" to tell those bumbling Iraqis how to live!

Tell your kids to put down their weed and pick up a gun!

Now sing along Democrats...

Over there, over there

Send the word, send the word, over there

That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming

The drums rum-tumming everywhere

So prepare, say a prayer

Send the word, send the word, to beware

We'll be over, we're coming over

And we won't come back till it's over, over there...

Until we're told to get out or we declare victory in the face of defeat or there is a mid-term election or China won't lend us any more moneyyyyyyy.

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Avatar for user 'philosopher3000'

philosopher3000 | June 19, 2014 at 12:42 p.m. ― 2 years, 9 months ago

How about instead of investing another $TRILLION in DESTRUCTION of IRAQ to make the U.S. "SAFER", this time we just offer the people of IRAQ a $TRILLION in free infrastructure improvements (Schools, Hospitals, Roads, Aqueducts, Renewable Energy Infrastructure) and CREATE an IRAQ with true abundance, liberty, and freedom to choose their religion, just like America?

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Avatar for user 'Mmikey'

Mmikey | June 19, 2014 at 2:29 p.m. ― 2 years, 9 months ago

"Obama said the U.S, military advisers' role would be to "assess how we can best train, advise and support Iraqi security forces.""

kind of late in the game when the enemy is overrunning the city limits

whats the training involve, handing them a gun and telling them to fight ?

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Avatar for user 'JeanMarc'

JeanMarc | June 19, 2014 at 2:43 p.m. ― 2 years, 9 months ago

philospher3000 your desire to develop the society these people live in is laudable, but all efforts will be in vain. Islamic militants regularly burn down schools and kill teachers for daring to spread evil western education. They use hospitals to hide militants from airstrikes. Any other infrastructure would be destroyed or used against the population. The strong man wins, and out there that would be the group with the most guns and least humanity.

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Avatar for user 'Eddie89'

Eddie89 | June 20, 2014 at 8:34 a.m. ― 2 years, 9 months ago

“I think we were surprised that the Iraqi divisions . . . just threw down their weapons,” - Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel

We've already trained the Iraqi troops and the majority don't want to fight for freedom. How can the United States possibly force freedom on people, when the majority aren't willing to fight for it?

It's time to stop listening to people like "thousand year war" McCain and get out of that $1,000,000,000,000+ (trillion) dollar quagmire!

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