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Border & Immigration

After 14-Years Deported Veteran Finally Granted Citizenship

Hector Barajas speaks after receiving his U.S. citizenship documents, April 13, 2018.
Jean Guerrero
Hector Barajas speaks after receiving his U.S. citizenship documents, April 13, 2018.

It took 14 years, but Hector Barajas is finally a United States citizen.

The Army veteran took the citizenship oath, surrounded by loved ones, in a private naturalization ceremony at the San Diego offices of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). The ceremony was a long-held dream of Barajas, who was born in Mexico, grew up in Compton and spent six years in the Army before eventually being deported in 2004 and again in 2010.

RELATED: Deported Army Veteran Wins Fight For U.S. Citizenship


Barajas had difficulty adjusting to civilian life after being honorably discharged from the Army in 2001. He had substance abuse problems, and in 2002 he pleaded no contest to shooting at an occupied vehicle. He was deported, the first time, right after serving his sentence.

Speaking to an audience outside the USCIS office after becoming a citizen, Barajas lamented the mistakes he had made and the effects they had on his family. But hethanked the community for supporting his return to the U.S.

"The citizenship only validates what I always thought in my heart: I'm an all-American patriot and I proudly served my adopted country as a paratrooper in the 82nd Airborne. I believe I am no less of an American because of the mistakes I've made," he said.

A pardon last year by Gov. Jerry Brown paved the way for Barajas' naturalization. Brown also pardoned two other veterans who, like Barajas, had been deported.

"He showed that California has upheld its values and is supportive of immigrants like me," Barajas said.


Since 2013, Barajas has run the Deported Veterans Support House in Tijuana, which provides deported veterans food, clothing, shelter and resources as they seek self-sufficiency.

Hector Barajas holds his citizenship documents, April 13, 2018.
Jean Guerrero
Hector Barajas holds his citizenship documents, April 13, 2018.

RELATED: Deported Veteran Returns To United States

Barajas plans to run the center for another year before returning to his family. In the U.S. he would like to find a job, put his daughter through college and possibly attend school.

Barajas noted, however, there's still work to be done for the immigrant veteran community.

"My biggest dream is to see all my brothers and sisters go home to the country they were willing to die for," he said. "We must continue to fight to bring home our deported veterans.... Border or not, we will always be U.S. veterans; we are all Americans and I'm standing here today as an American citizen."

After 14-Years, Deported Veteran Finally Granted Citizenship

Nathan Fletcher, a candidate for County Supervisor and an advocate for deported veterans, also spoke at the event. Fletcher called Barajas a "remarkable individual and a great testament to resilience."

He said Barajas' return is especially significant given the national context of President Trump's toughening stance on immigration.

“You have a Trump administration that’s driving a very dark and angry approach toward immigration, and here you have a California approach with Governor Jerry Brown leading the way ... there's a stark contrast between the two," he said.

He said he hopes the California approach, reflected in the return of Barajas, steers the national conversation in a new direction.

"Our hope is that this provides momentum and energy so we can get the rest of the deported veterans back but also drives a broader conversation about immigration," he said.

Fletcher said that activists have identified about 300 other deported veterans and that they plan to fight for all of them to return to the U.S.

"If we had 300 veterans missing in Afghanistan or Iraq, we would stop the gravitational spin of the earth to bring them home," he said. "This is a moral issue about honoring our commitment to those who love this country enough to take an oath and die."