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California Expands Financial Protections After US Rollback

In this Thursday, Aug. 3, 2006, file photo, the exterior of a Payday Advance store is seen in Oceanside, Calif.
Lenny Ignelzi / AP
In this Thursday, Aug. 3, 2006, file photo, the exterior of a Payday Advance store is seen in Oceanside, Calif.

California on Friday created what supporters call its own nation-leading, state-level version of the federal Consumer Financial Protection Bureau after critics said the Trump administration significantly weakened national protections.

The legislation that Gov. Gavin Newsom signed into law changes the existing Department of Business Oversight into the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation in what proponents said is the first such move by any state.

The current department regulates a significant part of the financial services industry, including banks and credit unions. But the expanded version will add oversight authority over debt collectors, debt settlement, credit repair and check cashing services, consumer credit reporting, retail sales financing and rent-to-own contracts.


“We need the state to lead as the federal government is pulling away from financial protection,” Newsom said.

Proponents said the change will boost consumer protections by expanding the department's ability to require accountability and transparency in the state's financial system while increasing equal access to affordable credit.

Richard Cordray, who was the federal bureau's first director under former President Barack Obama from 2012 to 2017, said he and other consumer advocates began pushing for such state-level agencies after the Trump administration backtracked on the federal protections put in place after the Great Recession of 2008.

“California is such an important market and such a leading state that what is done in California will set the tone across the country,” Cordray said. "It will not only influence financial companies that will find it hard to operate differently elsewhere than they operate in California — so they’ll have to meet higher standards — but it will also set an example that other states may well be inclined to follow.”

The state-level agency “will be critical for California families” regardless of whether Trump is unseated in the November election, said the bill's author, Assemblywoman Monique Limón.


Newsom's office said the expanded agency will include “dozens” of investigators and attorneys to oversee financial institutions and punish financial predators.

It was one of a dozen consumer protection bills Newsom approved as he races next week's deadline to act on several hundred bills sent to him by lawmakers.

Consumer Reports said the state’s new Student Borrower Bill of Rights will also provide the nation’s strongest protections in that area.

Others will license debt collectors and prohibit for-profit colleges from creating non-profit corporations to avoid student protections and state regulations.

Corrected: February 23, 2024 at 12:18 PM PST
The bill is AB1864