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Climate Change, Africa on Table at G-8 Summit

President Bush plans stops at several nations while on his trip through Europe.
Lindsay Mangum, NPR /
President Bush plans stops at several nations while on his trip to the G8 Summit.

Climate change, the Middle East peace process, health and poverty in Africa and global trade are among the issues likely to be the center of debate and discussion at the 33rd annual G-8 conference.

This year's Group of Eight Summit — bringing together the leaders of Germany, Britain, Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Russia and the United States — runs June 6-8 in Heiligendamm, Germany.

Germany holds the G-8 presidency for 2007, so its government and Chancellor Angela Merkel define the issues on the table at the meeting.


The United States first launched what is now known as the G-8 in 1974 in an effort to better strategize about the global economy and political issues. It was initially called the "Library Group" and included top officials from the United Kingdom, Germany and Japan. As representatives from other countries were quickly added, it became the G-6 and, then, the G-7. It was not until 1998, when Russia was officially welcomed, that the consortium became known as the G-8.

The eight countries involved together account two-thirds of the world's economic output, according to the U.S. State Department. Because it has the smallest economy, Russia does not participate in financial discussions.

While the agenda for this year's meeting has not been finalized, the following topics likely will be areas of focus for the Group of Eight, which aims to improve the reliability of the global economy and assist less-advantaged parts of the world:

  • World Climate: Environmental issues tend to be discussed heavily at the G-8 conference. According to NPR reports, Germany is likely to push for significant measures to curb global warming, with energy efficiency among key points. The United States is expected to have a more conservative approach toward this issue. Last week, President Bush propsed a new plan for reducing greenhouse gases that would include talks with China and India. The Bush Administration has held off on signing the Kyoto Treaty, citing the need for these two countries to participate.
  • Global Trade: Germany has placed great emphasis in its overall agenda on stability in world trade and in setting forth policy aimed at making markets more transparent, reducing imbalances, stabilizing investment conditions and encouraging innovation.
  • Issues in Africa: Since assuming the G-8 presidency in January, Merkel has put emphasis on helping the continent with reforms geared at reducing poverty, political corruption and the spread of HIV and AIDS.
  • Middle East Peace Process: Germany has been outspoken about the importance of the world's role in aiding peace talks.
  • Other issues that could reach the table include social developments related to globalization, proliferation of nuclear and chemical weapons, ongoing battles in Iraq, Afghanistan and other regions, and global terrorism.


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