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'It Was Installed For This Purpose,' VW's U.S. CEO Tells Congress About Defeat Device

Volkswagen Group of America President and CEO Michael Horn testifies before the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations on the Volkswagen emissions cheating scandal Thursday.
Mandel Ngan AFP/Getty Images
Volkswagen Group of America President and CEO Michael Horn testifies before the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations on the Volkswagen emissions cheating scandal Thursday.

Michael Horn, the CEO of Volkswagen's U.S. business, is appearing in Congress Thursday morning to answer lawmakers' questions about the German automaker's use of software in its diesel vehicles to fool emissions tests. VW has said some 11 million vehicles worldwide have the software.

Volkswagen has "withdrawn the application for certification of our model year 2016 vehicles," Horn says, adding that the company is still working with U.S. agencies on the certification process.

That apology is part of Horn's prepared testimony for the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. He also acknowledged hearing of possible problems in spring of 2014.


U.S. lawmakers are looking for answers about a scandal that has resulted in the Environmental Protection Agency ordering a recall of 482,000 vehicles — and concerns that for years, the cars have been putting out up to 40 times the legal limit of pollution.

"On behalf of our company, and my colleagues in Germany," Horn says in his prepared text, "I would like to offer a sincere apology for Volkswagen's use of a software program that served to defeat the regular emissions testing regime."

We'll update this post with more news from Horn's appearance.

Update at 11:05 a.m. ET: Feeling Betrayed

When asked if he feels personally betrayed by Volkswagen's use of the defeat device in VW and Audi vehicles, Horn tells Rep. Kathy Castor, D-Fla., "Yes."


He goes on to say that he has worked for Volkswagen for 25 years and had never doubted its sincerity.

Horn says that diesel cars represent around a quarter of the business at the company's 650 VW dealers and 350 Audi dealers.

Update at 11 a.m. ET: Compliance And Help For Dealers

"These actions take 1-2 years, minimum," Horn tells Rep. Marsha Blackburn, R-Tenn., when pressed about a timeline for making VW cars comply with U.S. standards.

Horn says that the first round of software fixes will be released in January of 2016 for the most recent generation of engines, with the next most-recent generation getting fixes sometime around the middle of the year. He doesn't give details on the first-generation engines.

Update at 10:52 a.m. ET: Effects On U.S. Car Dealers

Rep. Fred Upton, R-Mich., asks about what Volkswagen will do for dealers who are now holding onto the troubled diesel cars on their lots.

Horn says the company paid bonuses of $1,000 per car to dealers, and also wired money to give VW dealers flexibility to handle the crisis locally. He won't reveal that second dollar amount.

Horn says he is "damn sincere about this" — that dealer profitability is his first priority in the U.S.

Update at 10:42 a.m. ET: Device Came From Germany, Horn Says

Horn says he is not an engineer and doesn't fully know how the defeat device works — he also says the systems originated in Germany, not in Volkswagen's American division.

The CEO also says that for thousands of recalled cars, a software fix wouldn't be enough — and hardware changes would have to be made to get the cars into compliance.

Update at 10:35 a.m. ET: 'It Was Installed For This Purpose'

Responding to a question from panel chairman Rep. Tim Murphy, R-Pa., about whether the software was installed "for the express purpose of beating tests," Horn responds that to his knowledge, "It was installed for this purpose, yes."

Horn said that the move was evidently made because of tightened emissions standards.

Responding to another question, Horn says he only knew that the vehicles contained the defeat devices shortly before a Sept. 3 meeting with federal regulators.

He adds that only after the West Virginia University study of diesel cars did he begin to learn about what a defeat device is.

Update at 10:3 a.m. ET: Promise To Cooperate

"We will find remedies for our customers, and we will work to ensure that this will never happen again," Horn says.

Update at 10:26 a.m. ET: Horn Is Sworn In

After being offered legal counsel, Horn is sworn in. He then delivers his prepared testimony, saying that his company is still in the early stages of its investigation.

Update at 10:20 a.m. ET: Volkswagens Were Several Members' First Cars

Opening today's meeting, both the leading Republican and Democrat on the committee said that their first cars had been Volkswagens.

After Rep. Tim Murphy, R-Pa., spoke of his fondness and trust in the Volkswagen he drove as a young man, Rep. Diana DeGette said she had a 1960 ragtop convertible that she inherited from her grandmother. "I still miss that car," she added.

Later, Rep. David McKinley, R-W.Va., said that he also drove a VW as his first car — a 1957 model.

Our original post continues:

Horn says that he's known about "possible emissions non-compliance" in Volkswagen's cars in the U.S. for more than a year, dating back to a West Virginia University study on diesel vehicle emissions in road tests, which was published in May of 2014.

"I was also informed that the company engineers would work with the agencies to resolve the issue," Horn says in his prepared testimony before the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations.

Volkswagen is said to have been warned against using software to get around emissions tests on its diesel cars as early as 2007, as we've reported.

Horn's testimony includes a summary of the carmaker's admission to cheating on emissions tests, nearly two weeks before the EPA publicly accused the company of skirting the rules:

"On September 3, 2015, Volkswagen AG disclosed at a meeting with the California Air Resources Board ('CARB') and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ('EPA') that emissions software in four cylinder diesel vehicles from model years 2009-2015 contained a 'defeat device' in the form of hidden software that could recognize whether a vehicle was being operated in a test laboratory or on the road. The software made those emit higher levels of nitrogen oxides when the vehicles were driven in actual road use than during laboratory testing."

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