FRONTLINE: Escaping ISIS
Airs Tuesday, Dec. 29, 2015 at 10 p.m. on KPBS TV
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ISIS Victims Find Maze of Challenges in Appeals for Justice by Katie Worth
Life After ISIS: For Survivors, Sparse Support Means Lasting Struggles by Sarah Childress
How People Are Using Technology Against ISIS by Priyanka Boghani
A Witness to Slavery: Edward Watts on Making “Escaping ISIS” by Jason M. Breslow
ISIS Destroyed His Home. Now Khalil al-Dakhi Rescues Those They Enslaved. by Jason M. Breslow
Watch: On “Slave Market Day,” ISIS Trades Women for Cash, Weapons by Patrice Taddonio
How ISIS Is Using Women To Police Other Women by Priyanka Boghani
(A video titled "Meet The Women of ISIS" is also embedded into this article)
What a Pledge of Allegiance to ISIS Means by Priyanka Boghani
Slideshow: Life Under the Rule of ISIS by Robert Collins
Who Runs the Islamic State? by Sarah Childress
Why Are So Many Westerners Joining ISIS? by Jason M. Breslow
Before ISIS overran his town in Northern Iraq, Khalil al-Dakhi was a lawyer. But now, he leads an underground railroad that rescues women and children who have been taken captive by ISIS. In “Escaping ISIS,” a hard-hitting documentary that premiered Tuesday, July 14, 2015, on PBS, FRONTLINE delivers a stunning look at the plight of women and children who are Yazidis, a religious minority that have been targeted by ISIS for particularly brutal treatment.
“ISIS believes Yazidi women can be enslaved, under their interpretation of Islam,” says FRONTLINE’s Edward Watts, who spent two months in Iraq and Turkey filming the documentary and finding undercover footage. “We’ve spoken with some of the first Yazidi women to escape from ISIS, and uncovered accounts that ISIS fighters are raping Yazidi girls as young as nine.”
Those accounts come from women like Aeida, a 21-year-old Yazidi who was abducted by ISIS with her two young children, and held in a home that ISIS had turned into a prison for captured women.
“I wish I could forget that building. We were around 35 girls and three women. I was only 21, but I was the oldest,” Aeida tells FRONTLINE. “Some nights I can’t sleep until the early morning hours because of the nightmares.”
The film follows the dangerous efforts by al-Dakhi and his team to get women like Aeida out of the hands of ISIS. “It can take us a whole month to rescue one family or sometimes one person,” says al-Dakhi, who regularly receives calls from women on cell phones that they’ve managed to hide from their captors. “It’s very difficult. They are being raped and mistreated on a daily basis … there’s no one else for them to ask for help because their family is either taken or killed.”
The missions have taken their toll: Three members of al-Dakhi’s team were killed during attempted rescues, and in late June he says two of his men were captured and stoned to death. “Even though it’s dangerous, we’re going to keep going,” al-Dakhi says.
The documentary also takes viewers across the border to Turkey, where there’s another cell working against ISIS. It’s led by Abu Mohammed, a 26-year-old Syrian. Rather than smuggling out women, he smuggles out footage shot secretly by him and his network of activists that provides an vivid look at ISIS’ efforts to impose what it claims is a pure version of Islam, including harsh restrictions on women.
But some women are also enforcing those rules — including an all-female police force in Raqqa, the Syrian city that’s ISIS’s self proclaimed capital. “I punished many women,” one ex-member, Umm Abaid, tells FRONTLINE. “In one case, a woman was walking with her husband. She was wearing a gown with images on it. So we took her and her husband, and I lashed her. I lashed her with my own hands … I don’t feel bad, I was doing the right thing.”
With ISIS continuing to seize and hold territory in Iraq and Syria, “Escaping ISIS” is a gripping look inside the group’s brutal reign.
“Escaping ISIS,” is an ITN Productions – Ronachan Films co-production with Evan Williams Productions and Mediadante for WGBH/FRONTLINE in association with Channel 4. The producer and director is Edward Watts. The producer is Evan Williams. The senior producer is James Jones. The executive producer of FRONTLINE is Raney Aronson-Rath.