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Muhammad Ali talks with the press after winning back the Heavyweight Championship for an unprecedented third time by beating Leon Spinks at the Super Dome in New Orleans, La. Sept. 15, 1978.
Courtesy of Michael Gaffney
Muhammad Ali talks with the press after winning back the Heavyweight Championship for an unprecedented third time by beating Leon Spinks at the Super Dome in New Orleans, La. Sept. 15, 1978.

Encore Thursdays, Feb. 10 - March 3, 2022 at 8 p.m. on KPBS 2 / On Demand

—ESPN’s The Undefeated joins PBS for conversation on sports, race and culture—

MUHAMMAD ALI, a new four-part documentary directed by acclaimed filmmaker Ken Burns, was in development for six years. The series was also written and co-directed by Sarah Burns and David McMahon. The film follows the life of one of the most consequential men of the 20th century, a three-time heavyweight boxing champion who captivated billions of fans with his combination of speed, agility and power in the ring, and his charm, wit and outspokenness outside of it. At the height of his fame, Ali challenged Americans’ racial prejudices, religious biases, and notions about what roles celebrities and athletes play in our society, and inspired people all over the world with his message of pride and self-affirmation.


An accomplished group of historians, writers and other topic experts provided input on the script and film, including USC professor of media studies Todd Boyd, author Howard Bryant, Washington University history professor Gerald Early, long-time Burns collaborator and author Geoffrey C. Ward, Rutgers journalism professor Khadijah White, MIT history professor Craig Wilder, and writer David Zirin. Jonathan Eig, a biographer of Ali, was a consulting producer to the film.

'I'm Free to be Who I Want to Be'

Drawing from an extraordinary trove of archival footage and photographs, contemporary music, and the insights and memories of eyewitnesses — including family and friends, journalists, boxers and historians, among others — Burns, Burns and McMahon have created a sweeping portrait of an American icon.

The series details the story of the athlete who called himself — and was considered by many to be — ”the greatest of all time” and competed in some of the most dramatic and widely viewed sporting events ever, including “The Fight of the Century” and “The Thrilla in Manila,” both against his great rival Joe Frazier, and “The Rumble in the Jungle,” in which he defeated George Foreman to regain the heavyweight title that was stripped from him seven years earlier.


MUHAMMAD ALI also captures Ali’s principled resistance to the Vietnam War, his steadfast commitment to his Muslim faith, and his complex relationships with Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X, who profoundly shaped his life and worldview.

Cassius Clay Changes His Name to Muhammad Ali

While he is largely celebrated today as an icon of American sport and culture, Ali was not always widely embraced. At times he was reviled by many in American society, especially white Americans and white members of the media, who rejected his faith and feared his involvement with the Nation of Islam.

Ali also faced a firestorm of criticism when he said, “I ain’t got nothing against them Viet Cong” and refused induction into the United States Army, citing his religious beliefs — a stance that would result in five years of legal jeopardy and a three-and-a-half-year banishment from boxing.

Outlash Follows Muhammad Ali's Criticism of the Vietnam War

Ali’s death in June 2016 coincidentally came just weeks after the launch of The Undefeated, and his life, legacy and impact have been a defining theme for its coverage of the intersection of race, sports and culture in America. Utilizing both its own staff writers and a lengthy roster of historians and authors, the site has hosted a wide range of historical analysis on the complex threads of Ali’s life, as well as reporting on the outsized influence he has had on current debates about the role of the Black athlete and activist in the American story.

Ali, Activism & The Modern Athlete

Fittingly, his story is also a cornerstone of The Undefeated’s best-selling young adult book, "The Fierce 44: Black Americans Who Shook Up the World." Ali’s story is full of contradictions. Despite his competitive reputation and ruthless athleticism in the ring, he went on to become a symbol for peace and pacifism. Though committed to a faith that expected obedience and dignified conduct, he was notoriously unfaithful to his wives, at times publicly flaunting his affairs.

Ali was a clever showman with an unparalleled genius for promotion and turn of phrase, who occasionally allowed his partners and friends to take advantage of him. He endlessly trumpeted his own greatness as a boxer, but anonymously donated to save a Jewish old age home, made surprise visits to pediatric hospitals and signed autographs for every last fan.


Round One: “The Greatest (1942-1964)” Encore Thursday, Feb. 10 at 8 p.m. on KPBS 2 - Boxer Cassius Clay rises up the amateur ranks to win gold at the 1960 Olympics. He turns professional, sharpening his boxing skills and honing his genius for self-promotion. In 1964, he upsets Sonny Liston to become heavyweight champion.

Cassius Clay Begins Training with Police Officer Joe Martin

Round Two: “What's My Name? (1964-1970)” Encore Thursday, Feb. 17 at 8 p.m. on KPBS 2 - Cassius Clay publicly joins the Nation of Islam and takes the name Muhammad Ali. When he refuses induction into the Army, he is stripped of his title and forced into exile. After three years, he returns to the ring, but he's lost a step.

Muhammad Ali Is Found Guilty of Refusing the Draft

Round Three: “The Rivalry (1970-1974)” Encore Thursday, Feb. 24 at 8 p.m. on KPBS 2 - Muhammad Ali battles his fiercest rival, Joe Frazier, and the U.S. government, as he attempts to regain the heavyweight title. He first loses to and then defeats Frazier, but to become champion again, he will have to beat George Foreman.

Fighting Words Before the Thrilla in Manila

Round Four: “The Spell Remains (1974-2016)” Encore Thursday, March 3 at 8 p.m. on KPBS 2 - Muhammad Ali shocks the world by defeating George Foreman, winning back the heavyweight title and becoming the most famous man on earth. After retiring in 1981, he travels the world spreading his Islamic faith, and becomes a symbol of peace and hope.

Muhammad Ali Embarks on a Tour Across Africa

Watch On Your Schedule:

MUHAMMAD ALI is currently available for free on all station-branded PBS platforms, including and the PBS Video App, available on iOS, Android, Roku, Apple TV, Android TV, Amazon Fire TV, Samsung Smart TV and Chromecast.

Extend your viewing window with KPBS Passport, a benefit for members supporting KPBS at $60 or more yearly, using your computer, smartphone, tablet, Roku, AppleTV, Amazon Fire or Chromecast. Learn how to activate your benefit now.

Also available on DVD or Blu-Ray for purchase at

Ali On The World's Stage

MUHAMMAD ALI includes interviews with:

  • Ali’s daughters Hana Ali and Rasheda Ali, his second wife Khalilah Ali, his third wife Veronica Porche, and his brother and confidant Rahaman Ali
  • Activist and former basketball player Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
  • Boxing promoter Bob Arum
  • Anthropologist Donna Auston
  • Childhood friend Vic Bender
  • Former heavyweight boxing champion and playwright Michael Bentt
  • Author Todd Boyd
  • Sportswriter Howard Bryant
  • Law professor and co-founder of the Weather Underground Bernardine Dohrn
  • Historian Gerald Early
  • Journalist and Ali biographer Jonathan Eig
  • Poet and activist Nikki Giovanni
  • Former heavyweight champion Larry Holmes
  • Childhood friend Alice Houston
  • Sportswriter Jerry Izenberg
  • Civil rights activist Jesse Jackson
  • Professor of religion Sherman Jackson
  • Former Georgia State Senator Leroy Johnson
  • Friend and business manager Gene Kilroy
  • Sportswriter Dave Kindred
  • Boxing promoter Don King
  • Lawyer Tom Krattenmaker
  • Sportswriter Robert Lipsyte
  • Lawyer Michael Meltsner
  • Novelist Walter Mosley
  • Journalist Salim Muwakkil
  • Long-time friend Abdul Rahman
  • New Yorker editor David Remnick
  • Photographer Lowell Riley
  • Historian Randy Roberts
  • Childhood friend Owen Sitgraves
  • Friend Victor Solano
  • Nigerian poet and playwright Wole Soyinka
  • Writer Gay Talese
  • Writer Quincy Troupe
  • Sportswriter Dave Zirin
Behind the Scenes | Making MUHAMMAD ALI

Filmmaker Quotes:

“Muhammad Ali was the very best at what he did,” said Ken Burns. “He was arguably America’s greatest athlete, and his unflinching insistence that he be unabashedly himself at all times made him a beacon for generations of people around the world seeking to express their own humanity.”

“Ali is rightly celebrated for his athleticism in the ring,” said Sarah Burns, “but he was equally heroic in his willingness to stand up for what he believed was right.”

“Ali’s principled opposition to the Vietnam War and deeply affecting message of racial pride were remarkable then and equally so now,” said David McMahon. “His actions and words speak to his character and also to his influence as an athlete who used his celebrity to speak out about injustices that he could not tolerate.”

“Muhammad Ali remains one of the most iconic figures in American history. He has been studied and modeled and quoted extensively, and his life’s story is central to understanding the modern Black athlete and this period of activism and social change that The Undefeated has been privileged to chronicle,” said Raina Kelley, Vice President and Editor-in-Chief of ESPN’s The Undefeated. “We are proud to collaborate with PBS and Ken Burns to host this exciting conversation series on the meaning of Ali and his lasting legacy.”


A production of Florentine Films and WETA Washington, D.C. Directed and executive produced by Ken Burns, directed, written and produced by Sarah Burns and David McMahon, produced by Stephanie Jenkins, co-produced by Tim McAleer and associate produced by Joe Siegal. Akia Thorpe was the production coordinator. The film was edited by K.A. Miille, Woody Richman, Ted Raviv, and Aljernon Tunsil, with assistant editor Samali Bikangaga and apprentice editors Gabrielle Berbey, Franny Bernstein and Shyala Jayasinghe. The film is narrated by Keith David. Buddy Squires was the cinematographer. Original music was provided by Jahlil Beats. The executive in charge for WETA is John F. Wilson.