An Unusual Treatment For Veterans' PTSD: Performing Shakespeare
On a rainy night in Ballston Spa, New York, not far from Schenectady, a few dozen people pack into a veterans center. They've turned a small conference room into a makeshift theater.
Actor Stephan Wolfert, the director of a program called DE-CRUIT welcomes veterans to the stage.
"Plant your heels, breathe, share your truth and seamlessly transition into the Shakespeare monologue," he tells the performers.
Wolfert wasn't always an actor. He was in the Army for a long time, but after a while, he felt broken and burnt out. He went to see a play, "Richard III," and he remembers one monologue that he said basically changed his life.
"Richard III talking to the audience," Wolfert recalled, "saying 'The war's over, I'm really good at it, now I don't fit in, what do I do? I'm lost.'"
The first time he heard that, Wolfert broke down. It hit on exactly what he was thinking and feeling. Not long after, he left the Army. And he had a hard time.
"We leave the military, we leave all of our structure, all of our mission, all of our training, all of our support, and now we have none," Wolfert said. "We're wired for war but never unwired from war."
Wolfert ended up going back to school and becoming a classically trained actor. There was something therapeutic for him about performing Shakespeare. And it got him thinking that maybe he could use theater to help others.
So he worked with psychologists at NYU to design the DE-CRUIT class. It's a seven-week traveling workshop where veterans use creative writing, Shakespeare and breathing techniques to process their experiences.
"They read it, they remember it, and then they use the Shakespeare to purge it from their bodies," Wolfert said. "Then, when they're done, it's out, and the description we get from all of them is 'I feel lighter.'"
One by one, veterans take the stage. This group has been through a lot: combat, PTSD, sexual assault, violence, drunk driving, poverty, illness and death.
Steve Cipitelli, 32, is a Navy veteran. In 2011, he deployed to Libya. He got shot in the back and walks with a cane now. On stage, he listed some of the things he's gone through: back issues, PTSD, nightmares, flashbacks, tremors, anxiety and more.
"Don't forget, not all wounds are visible," he told the audience.
Then, he recited Hermione's monologue from "The Winter's Tale": "My past life hath been as continent, as chaste, as true, as I am now unhappy."
The audience sits, rapt and respectful, as each veteran performs.
Afterward, Wolfert and volunteers pass out surveys. They've found that veterans who participate in the program report having fewer symptoms of depression and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. They also measure veterans' heart coherence and take EEG readings. They found that over the course of the workshop, veterans appear to get less stressed.
Cipitelli said going on stage and speaking his truth was tough, but he felt buoyed by all the support.
"I knew I had all my brothers and sisters out there, veterans who had my back," Cipitelli said, "and that's how I was able to get through it."
This story was produced by the American Homefront Project, a public media collaboration that reports on American military life and veterans. Funding comes from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Bob Woodruff Foundation.