Cotton Seed Sprouts In China's Lunar Lander
A hint of a cotton plant is growing on the moon, inside China's lunar lander, scientists in China say.
Photos released on Tuesday by Chongqing University, in collaboration with the China National Space Administration, show the small, green shoot from a cotton seed reaching out of a latticed container aboard the probe Chang'e-4, named after the Chinese lunar goddess.
As it sped through space, Chang'e-4 carried a mini biosphere in a canister – containing "the seeds of cotton, rapeseed, potato, and arabidopsis, as well as eggs of the fruit fly and some yeast," according to the Xinhua news agency.
The biosphere was also equipped with water, soil, air, two small cameras and a heat control system, said Xie Gengxin of Chongqing University, the experiment's lead designer.
The journey took more than 20 days, and scientists at the China National Space Administration spent two months doing final checks before sending it into space.
On Jan. 3, China became the first country to land a spacecraft on the far side of the moon. To get around the challenge of communications, China put a satellite in lunar orbit to deliver signals to and from the lander.
Once Chang'e-4 touched down, the ground control center instructed the probe to water the seeds, Xinhua reported. Light was channeled into a tube in the canister, allowing a cotton seed to sprout.
Liu Hanlong, who is leading the experiment, said Tuesday that potato seeds and rapeseeds also had sprouted, according to the South China Morning Post.
Liu said the seeds were chosen for their hardiness, a necessary requirement in the moon's harsh conditions. "We have given consideration to future survival in space," he said. "Learning about these plants' growth in a low-gravity environment would allow us to lay the foundation for our future establishment of space base."
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations shared its glee on Twitter, saying, "China's moon mission success means that astronauts could potentially harvest their own food in space!"
For years, crew members aboard the International Space Station have been tending to a "space garden," a chamber that has grown lettuce, radishes and other foods.
Could crops ever thrive in lunar soil? Regardless of whether the soil could support plants, the far side of the moon has high mountains, craters and few large, flat areas, said Sun Zezhou, chief designer of the Chang'e-4 lunar lander.
China's successful lunar germination suggests "there might not be insurmountable problems for astronauts in future trying to grow their own crops on the moon in a controlled environment," Fred Watson, an astronomer-at-large with Australian Astronomical Observatory, told the BBC.
Cotton grown on the moon could someday be used to make clothing and the potatoes could be a food source, Watson said, especially as a pit stop on trips to Mars.
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