Great California Shakeout Prepares San Diegans For The Big One
Preparing for "the big one'' will be the goal of a statewide earthquake drill today, when San Diego-area government offices, businesses, schools and other organizations will stop everything for a minute so participants can "drop, cover and hold on.''
What To Do During An Earthquake
- DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops.
- Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
- Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.
- Do not use a doorway except if you know it is a strongly supported, load-bearing doorway and it is close to you. Many inside doorways are lightly constructed and do not offer protection..
- Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Do not exit a building during the shaking. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
- DO NOT use the elevators.
- Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.
- Stay there.
- Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires.
- Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside exterior walls. Most earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects.
Nearly 670,000 people countywide have registered to take part in the fifth annual "Great California ShakeOut,'' scheduled for 10:18 a.m. Statewide, there are 9.3 million registered participants, compared to 8.6 million last year, according to ShakeOut.org.
The objective is to raise awareness about precautions to take during a magnitude-7.8 or larger quake along the southernmost area of the San Andreas fault.
"What we do now, before a big earthquake, will determine what our lives will be like afterwards,'' said Rick Hindrichs, director of disaster services for the American Red Cross San Diego and Imperial Counties Chapter. "With earthquakes an inevitable part of our future, we must act quickly to ensure that disasters do not become catastrophes -- getting a kit, making a plan and being informed are critical measures everyone can take.''
Ten of San Diego County's 18 municipalities are scheduled to participate, along with the county, the Port of San Diego, most of the universities, colleges and public elementary, middle and high schools.
The county of San Diego is focusing on safety for people who are riding in trains or outdoors when a major temblor strikes. According to Amtrak, passengers might not even feel an earthquake, but engineers would have to stop their trains while tracks are inspected.
Under the quake scenario, a tectonic shift would produce waves of movement for hundreds of miles over four minutes. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, some 2,000 people would die, tens of thousands would be injured and more than $200 billion in damage would result from the catastrophe, which would have 50 times the intensity of the Jan. 17, 1994, Northridge earthquake.
Hundreds of aftershocks would follow, a few of them nearly as big as the original event, according to the USGS.
Californians should be prepared to be self-sufficient for 72 hours following an earthquake or other major disaster. That includes having a first- aid kit, medications, food and enough water for each member of a household to drink one gallon per day for at least 72 hours, according to local and state officials.
Homeowners and renters should also know how to turn off the gas in their house or apartment in case of leaks.