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Fixing Juvie Justice

Airs Tuesday, August 13, 2013 at 11 p.m. on KPBS TV

Above: A young offender in handcuffs.

Courtesy of Richard Ross

Youth inmates in Miami.

Courtesy of Richard Ross

A holding cell with youth inmates.

Courtesy of Andrew Grimes

Family or "whanau" in a historic re-creation of Maori justice.

Courtesy of Andrew Grimes

Marae — a traditional Maori meeting place — in Whanghara, New Zealand. In an effort to curb recidivism rates, youth court has been adapted to incorporate Maori roots to bring victims, offenders and community together as an alternative for youth offenders.

Courtesy of Andrew Grimes

A community conference setup before families of the victims and offenders arrive. "The power is in the circle."

Young people in the United States are entering the youth justice system in shocking numbers, and many seem to come out worse than when they went in.

The staggering costs and recidivism — more than half of incarcerated kids are likely to recommit crimes after being released — have led people to wonder if there is a better way to deal with youth offenders and whether exposure to the system itself could in fact be perpetuating a life of crime.

While only about 25 percent of juvenile cases involve violent acts, the system is also sweeping up kids who have committed minor infractions. From cops to judges to families, many are urgently seeking alternatives to the juvenile justice system. "Fixing Juvie Justice" debuts Tuesday, August 13, 2013 on PBS.

On the far other side of the world, modern New Zealand youth court has incorporated restorative principles of justice adapted from the roots of its indigenous Maori culture, bringing victims and offenders together amongst the community to resolve disputes. Focusing on rehabilitation more than punishment, New Zealand has seen great success and set a precedent for youth justice around the globe.

In Maori villages of the past, a crime would put the community out of balance. Traditional Maori justice turns on the idea of restoring that balance. "Fixing Juvie Justice" crosses the globe to a culturally sacred marae (meeting ground) where Judge Heemi Taumanu has established an alternative youth court that draws on these principles.

Now a group of innovators in Baltimore turns to the wisdom of the Maori for a possible solution. Using theories behind basic human emotions, Dr. Lauren Abramson adapts the Maori model and starts an organization that facilitates community conferences as a youth justice alternative, to give hope to those disgruntled with a broken system in Baltimore.

Abramson’s quest is to challenge the current system and create change from the ground up by giving kids an opportunity to resolve conflicts through these community conferences rather than going to court.

Viewers see how people come together to resolve conflict in their own communities and all of the drama that unfolds when everyone is given a chance and encouraged to let emotions out.

Can a community-based approach to justice derived from a structure conceived centuries ago in New Zealand give hope to the mean streets of the United States? "Fixing Juvie Justice" has some answers.

Co-produced by Pacific Islanders in Communications and National Geographic Television.

Video

Fixing Juvie Justice Preview

Above: Young people are entering the juvenile justice system in surprising numbers, and they seem to emerge worse than when they entered. A group of innovators applies the restorative justice principles of the Maori people of New Zealand to the mean streets of Baltimore. Can the wisdom of the Maori help slow the explosion of kids in jail? Could it help fix juvie justice?

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