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NATURE: Magic Of The Snowy Owl

Airs Sunday, December 15, 2013 at 4 p.m. on KPBS TV

Above: Female snowy owl perched near river.

Throughout the long months of the Arctic’s frozen winter the sun remains below the horizon. The cold is intensified by the darkness, making life here difficult, if not impossible, for all but the toughest and most experienced of animals.

Juvenile snowy owl close up.
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Above: Juvenile snowy owl close up.

Snowy Owl camouflaged in snow.
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Above: Snowy Owl camouflaged in snow.

Michael Male, filmmaker/cinematographer, "Magic Of The Snowy Owl."
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Above: Michael Male, filmmaker/cinematographer, "Magic Of The Snowy Owl."

Snowy owls are built for the challenge, their every sense and skill honed to take on the eerie, bleak world. And when the brief Arctic summer approaches, bringing light back to the tundra, they embark upon an even more daunting challenge than keeping themselves alive.

They breed and attempt to raise young in one of the harshest environments on the planet. Once summer arrives, they will have just 82 days of sunlight to successfully raise a family of helpless owlets until they are ready and able to fly.

NATURE reveals the ingenuity and majestic prowess of the snowy owl in "Magic Of The Snowy Owl." After broadcast, the series will stream online at pbs.org/nature.

One of the largest owl species in the world, “snowies” weigh an average of 5-6 pounds and can grow to a remarkable 27 inches tall, with a wingspan of 5 feet. They are powerful and deadly hunters, equipped with lethal talons and enough stamina to fly for miles while hunting. Their piercing golden eyes come armed with unique telescopic vision capable of locking on to prey from great distances, even in poor light. They need every skill they can muster to survive.

NATURE follows a team of filmmakers who set out to document the rarely observed daily lives of a breeding pair of snowy owls in their natural habitat. Local experts provide them with leads on where they should focus their search, but their prospects look poor from the start.

Breeding pairs are all but absent, and the possibility that there aren’t enough lemmings this year to support an owl family is cause for concern. The success of any year’s breeding depends on the availability of prey to feed the young, and lemming numbers are notoriously unpredictable. Still, the team is lucky enough to find a single breeding pair with five owlets in the nest, trying to make a go of it despite the unusually difficult year. Anything could happen.

The nest is on the ground, vulnerable to predators like wolves and polar bears, so the female stays on the nest, keeping the owlets warm and protected while the male heads out to catch something for them to eat. They have not all hatched on the same day, but one at a time, a few days apart.

The firstborn is the largest; the last, the smallest. Their sizes matter to their survival, as the biggest, strongest owlets are always in position to be fed first. And food is scarce. The male must travel farther and search longer each day to find even the smallest offerings. Even the weather has taken a turn for the worse – fog rolls in. In the end, it’s all too much, or too little, for the youngest owlet.

Female snowy owl feeding owlet.
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Above: Female snowy owl feeding owlet.

When the male finally returns with a bounty of lemmings for the family, it’s a race to make up for lost time. The little family goes on the move in an effort to place themselves closer to the food source, closer to each meal the male flies back and forth to provide. Not yet able to fly, the owlets travel by foot, waddling across the tundra, taking tumbles as they go.

The film crew is uprooted and must come up with a new, more mobile camouflaged camera hide to keep up with the action. Rainstorms arrive, as well as a plague of mosquitoes.

For the crew, all this effort pays off in a big way. As the whole family of owls moves closer to the coast, the owlets are faced with an unusual challenge – they must cross a river. It’s easy enough to do if you can fly, but these owlets haven’t fledged yet. And the cameras are there to record four little owlets “swimming” across the water, something never recorded or filmed before.

Now all that remains is for the owlets to fledge. They must fly south before the sun drops again below the horizon. They will not be strong enough to survive an Arctic winter until they are grown. But their bravery and perseverance have already been demonstrated. Their determination is a defining trait of their kind, and they do take to the sky as the long polar day comes to an end. Their parents have been remarkably successful, raising four owlets in a difficult year, demonstrating magic and magnificence of their own.

NATURE is on Facebook, and you can follow @PBSNature on Twitter. Past episodes of NATURE are available for online viewing.

Video

Preview: Nature: Magic Of The Snowy Owl

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Watch Magic of the Snowy Owl Preview on PBS. See more from Nature.

Above: NATURE takes an intimate look at the snowy owl, a bird made popular by Harry Potter’s faithful companion, Hedwig. “Snowies” stand out for their magical beauty, intelligence and charm. Filmmakers take us deep into the owl’s tundra home on the North Slope of Alaska to observe the daily struggles involved in raising a family of helpless owlets until they’re able to fly. Viewers discover that these strikingly beautiful Arctic owls have a range of skills far more impressive than those required of magical messengers.

Video

Video Excerpt: Owl of the Arctic

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Watch Owl of the Arctic on PBS. See more from Nature.

Above: In the dim glow of the Arctic glow, the true majesty of the Snowy Owl can be seen in its frozen, white kingdom. There is little relief from the constant wind. For adult snowies, the lengthening daylight means the chance to breed is drawing closer. Watch a scene from “Magic of the Snowy Owl.”

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Video Excerpt: Hatching Owlets

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Watch Hatching Owlets on PBS. See more from Nature.

Above: A snowy owl pair has made a nest out on the tundra. The much larger female is definitely sitting on eggs, and before long, owlets begin to hatch. Watch a scene from “Magic of the Snowy Owl.”

Video

Video Excerpt: Young Birds of Prey

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Watch Young Birds of Prey on PBS. See more from Nature.

Above: Snowy owls are carnivores. They consume small mammals, other birds, and in some cases, fish. As adults, they eat an estimated 1,600 lemmings every year. However, it takes time to learn how to be a successful bird of prey. Someday these young snowies will be skilled predators, but not today.

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